LASIK EYE SURGERY – ALL YOU SHOULD KNOW
LASIK is the abbreviation for Laser-Assisted in situ keratomileusis, technical name for Laser Eye-Surgery or Laser Vision Correction. LASIK Surgery is a correction surgery for Hyperopia, Myopia, and Astigmatism, performed by reshaping the Eye’s Cornea with the help of a Laser.
An American ophthalmologist, retina surgeon, and inventor Gholam A. Peyman invented the process of LASIK Eye Surgery in 1989. Since then it is one of the most effective Eye Vision Correction procedures allowing people to see clearly without using any glasses or lenses.
SUITABILITY FOR THE PATIENT
Although Lasik Eye Surgery is one of the most preferred Eye Vision correction surgery, it is not recommended for everyone. There are certain requirements which a patient should meet, failing to which could result in disqualifying patient from having LASIK surgery. Severe keratoconus or thin corneas, Fuchs’ corneal endothelial dystrophy, corneal epithelial basement membrane dystrophy, retinal tears, severe dry eyes, autoimmune diseases, and significant blepharitis are few issues that should be considered or treated before LASIK Surgery. Click here to know more and let the best professionals help you in guiding you through everything for your precious eyes
THE LASIK EYE-SURGERY PROCESS
LASIK Corneal Reshaping or any other Corneal Reshaping Techniques have been standardized by American National Standard Institute. The Process of Lasik Eye Surgery involves three steps-
- Post- Operative Analysis and Education-
In the United States, the FDA has affirmed LASIK for age 18 or 22 and over on the grounds that the vision needs to balance out. All the more critically the patient’s eye prescription should be steady for in any event one year before LASIK Surgery.
The patient is examined with pupillary dilation, the patient’s corneas are examined with a pachymeter to determine thickness, and with a topographer, or corneal topography machine is used to measure surface counter.
- Operational Procedure-
Lasik Eye Surgery is completed in 4 steps. The first one is FLAP CREATION.
A Flap is created by cutting through the corneal epithelium and Bowman’s layer. The second Step Includes Laser Remodeling. Here an excimer laser (193 nm) is used to remodel the corneal stroma. The laser vaporizes the corneal tissue in a finely controlled manner without damaging any adjacent stroma. The third step is repositioning of the Flap. After stromal layer correction by laser, the LASIK flap is very carefully repositioned over the treated area by the surgeon and checked for the presence of air bubbles, debris, and proper fit on the eye. The flap is positioned by natural adhesion until the healing is completed.
- After-Operation Care-
Patients are provided with a course of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory eye drops after Surgery. Patients are told to rest and are given dark eyeglasses in order to protect post-operated eyes from bright lights and occasionally protective goggles to prevent them from rubbing of the eyes when asleep and to reduce dry eyes.